See also ‘Arbitration’ and ‘Conciliation’ and ‘Mediation’ – Alternative dispute resolution is a means of resolving an employment dispute while at the same time avoiding the matter proceeding to a formal dispute hearing or similar litigation. The major advantages associated with alternative dispute resolution is that it tends to involve a much quicker process than litigation, it is a confidential process, a private process and generally involves significantly less financial costs for all parties concerned. Furthermore, alternative dispute resolution tends to be more flexible and it is generally more beneficial in maintaining a effective employment relationship than adjudicative proceedings.