The Employment Appeals Tribunal is an independent body bound to act judicially and was set up to provide a fair, inexpensive and informal means for individuals to seek remedies for alleged infringements of their statutory employment rights. The Tribunal consists of 3 people, a Chairperson and one representative each, from panels formed by the trade unions and employer organisations. Anyone sitting on the Tribunal is prohibited from having a personal interest in the case. Hearings are generally open to the public and proceedings may be reported in the media. The secretariat which assists the Tribunal’s administration is provided by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Innovation.

The Employment Appeals Tribunal (EAT) primarily hears claims at the first instance under the Unfair Dismissals Acts 1977-2001, Redundancy Payments Acts, 1967-2003, Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973-2001 and the Protection of Employees (Employer’s Insolvency) Act, 1984-2001. Furthermore, the EAT can hear the appeals of Labour Relation Commission recommendations including those under Payment of Wages Act, 1991, Terms of Employment (Information) Act, 1994 and 2001, Adoptive Leave Acts, 1995-2005, Carer’s Leave Act, 2001, Maternity Protection Acts, 1994-2004, Protection of Young Persons (Employment) Act, 1996, the Unfair Dismissals Acts 1977-2001, and S.I. No. 131/2003 — European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003.