NERA was established in 2007 with the aim of securing compliance with employment legislation and to foster a culture of compliance in Ireland. NERA seeks to do this through the following means:
- An information service
- An employer inspection service
- An enforcement power where employers are found not to be compliant with an aspect of employment law
- Prosecuting employers who fail to fall into complaince
NERA is an Office of the Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation and has its headquarters in Carlow, with regional offices in Cork, Dublin, Shannon and Sligo.