Bullying in the workplace can have a huge impact on an employee’s health, wellbeing and performance, particularly when it is not dealt with appropriately.

Firstly, it is important to be aware of the distinction between bullying and harassment. Whereas harassment is classed as form of discrimination against a specific characteristic that is protected clearly by law, bullying in the workplace is negative behaviour that is not related to a discernable characteristic.

Examples of bullying behaviour

Whether it’s in the office or outside of work, offensive, intimidating and insulting behaviour can take many forms:

  • Spreading malicious rumours that intend to ridicule or humiliate
  • Exclusion
  • Overbearing supervision and misuse of authority
  • Denying training or promotion opportunities unfairly
  • Insulting colleagues or managers via social media

Employees who are bullied are also more prone to absence, which causes problems for employers who have to deal with short staffing issues, pay sick pay, and possibly pay for a temporary employee to cover the absence.

Even if employee is in work, they may have low morale, poor performance, no engagement with the company and may also find they have no option but to resign.

The law behind bullying and harassment

A full breakdown of the chapter relating to harassment in the Equality Act 2010 is available here.

Bullying presents more of a ‘grey area’ than harassment as there is no current legislation that clearly defines this behaviour unless it against a protected characteristic.

However, there is an implied duty of care for the employer to ensure their staff have a working environment that does not affect their health and safety. Failure to do this, or to address reports of bullying, can result in a constructive dismissal claim as covered by the Employment Rights Act 1996.


  • Employers must share a clear zero tolerance bullying and harassment policy with their staff that aims to identify and resolve any instances of bullying.
  • Be aware of protected characteristics, and the difference between bullying and harassment.
  • Although bullying is not protected by law in the same way as harassment, there is still an implied duty of care for the employer to ensure the health, wellbeing and safety of their staff.


Bullying and harassment is directly related to the following aspects of employment:

Bullying and harassment policy

Sexual harassment