Asda’s mission statement, Save Money, Live Better, took on a new meaning after 9500+ female employees' claim that the supermarket giant is in breach of equal pay laws.
Most of the female claimants work in-store on checkouts or stacking shelves. They’re arguing for the same rate of pay as employees in the male-dominated Asda distribution centres, who earn £1-£3 more per hour.
In addition, they argue that their gender is the only clear reason that Asda pays them less. If found true, it breaches the Equality Act 2010 because it’s unlawful for men and women doing the same job to get different pay.
The same job
The male employees at the distribution centres do
have a different role to their female counterparts; serving customers is far different to supplying stock on time to stores. But this doesn’t defeat the pay argument.
Males and females can do different jobs that are still comparable enough to get equal pay. To do so, the roles fall into one of three categories:
- Like work: The same, or broadly similar, work where any differences aren’t of practical importance.
- Work rated as equivalent: Work that could be different in nature, but a job evaluation scheme rated as being of equal value.
- Work of equal value: Different work but of equal value in terms of factors like effort, skill and decision-making.
While the female claimants accept that their roles are different, they argue that they’re work of equal value
and should get equal pay.
A recent preliminary hearing in the Manchester Employment Tribunal decided that both workers are an appropriate comparison, so the claim can advance.
This is important because the claimants must be able to point to a real life person of the opposite sex who earns more than them.
At first, Asda tried to quash the claim. It announced that stores and distribution centres in different locations had different discretionary pay rates, but the Tribunal didn’t agree.
To defend the claim, Asda has to show there’s a material factor that explains pay differences aren’t due to gender.
Need equal pay advice? Please call the Peninsula 24-hour advice line today.