This employment law guide explores the basics of employment tribunals and offers guidance on how to avoid common pitfalls.

Employment Tribunals are a separate judicial body created to hear and decide disputes regarding employment rights between employee and employer. There are separate tribunals for England & Wales, with the Central Office located in Leicester; and Scotland, where the Central Office is located in Glasgow.

Who sits on an Employment Tribunal?
A tribunal contains an Employment Judge, who can sit alone for some hearings, or there may be a panel of three where two ‘lay members’ are also involved. One lay member will have previous experience of representing employers and businesses; whilst the other will have a background of working with employees. Where lay members are involved, all three panel members will decide the case.

Download this free guide to learn more about
• What claims will an Employment Tribunal hear?
• How is a claim made to the Employment Tribunal?
• Who can bring a claim?
• Different types of hearings
• What can an employment tribunal award?
• Does it cost to bring a claim to the tribunal?
• Time limits
• Employment Appeals Tribunal (EAT)
• Statistics