Specific requirements apply to the construction industry. These relate both to the way that construction projects are organised and managed and to health, safety and welfare requirements at site level. The requirements apply to all construction projects including domestic projects; those likely to involve more than 30 days site activity and more than 20 workers on site at any stage of the project or more than 500 person days of activity are specifically notifiable to the HSE and attract additional requirements.
Construction work includes:
the construction, alteration, conversion, fitting out, commissioning, renovation, repair, upkeep, redecoration or other maintenance (including chemical cleaning or high pressure abrasive cleaning), decommissioning, demolition or dismantling of a structure*.
- the preparation for an intended building or structure*, including site clearance, exploration, investigation (but not site survey) and excavation, and the clearance or preparation of the site or structure for use or occupation at its conclusion.
- the assembly on site of prefabricated elements to form a structure* or the disassembly on site of prefabricated elements which, immediately before such disassembly, formed a structure*.
- the removal of a structure* or of any product or waste resulting from demolition or dismantling of a structure or from disassembly of prefabricated elements which immediately before such dis-assembly formed such a structure*.
- the installation, commissioning, maintenance, repair or removal of mechanical, electrical, gas, compressed air, hydraulic, telecommunications, computer or similar services which are normally fixed within or to a structure*.
* Structure includes: buildings, railway line tunnels, bridges, waterworks, reservoirs, pipes and pipe-lines, cables, aqueducts, sewers, roads, earthworks, masts, towers, pylons and similar structures.
For notifiable projects the regulations place specific duties on clients (including home owners), designers, contractors and subcontractors. They also require the appointment of a Principal Designer and or a Principal Contractor to co-ordinate health and safety management during both the pre-construction and construction phase and manage the ‘health and safety’ file.