Employment Tribunal Costs

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Tribunal Costs
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Peninsula Group, HR and Health & Safety Experts

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In this guide, find out how much employment tribunal costs, and how to reduce hearing claims in the workplace.

In some situations, workplace disputes can only be resolved through employment tribunals.

Independent adjudicators cover all legal grounds, reach final verdicts, and award compensation.

The costs for tribunal hearings can quickly add up; so, it’s important to plan if you’ve been summoned to one. By doing so, you can minimise costs on your finances, production, and reputation.

In this guide, find out how much employment tribunal costs, and how to reduce hearing claims in the workplace.

How much does an employment tribunal cost for employers?

Currently, there are no set amount of costs for employment tribunals.

After legislative changes in 2017, anyone can raise a workplace dispute to tribunals, free of charge. But there are financial requirements that can add to overall costs.

According to the British Chamber of Commerce, the average cost of an employment tribunal claim is around £8,500.

Normally, each party will pay for its own employment tribunal fees. But ultimately, the legal adjudicators will ultimately decide. If a party acted unlawfully, they could be asked to pay for their opponent’s legal fees.

For unfair dismissal claims, the maximum amount of a basic award is £16,320. For compensatory awards, it’s either 52 weeks’ wages or £89,493–whichever one is lower.

For discrimination claims, there is no maximum amount. The claimant can even be compensated for injuries to their emotional wellbeing–which can range from £27,400 to £45,600.

Different types of employment tribunals costs

There are different types of tribunal costs to consider. It can vary depending on the size, complexity, and value of the claim

Legal representation

It’s so beneficial to have legal representation during an employment tribunal. Through the help of a solicitor or an entire legal team, you gain a better understanding of what the best outcome is for your case.

Without prior legal knowledge, some disputes can be hard to defend alone. So, having appropriate representation increases your chances of defending your side.


Adjudicators will always have the final say on disputes. They could ask a guilty party to pay various penalties, including compensation.

They might be asked to pay compensation for any loss or harm caused before and during the hearing.

The compensation amount depends on individual cases, but they can run into thousands of pounds.

Loss of time

Most hearings can last days, but more complicated ones can be weeks long.

So, you need to consider the amount of time and effort it takes to prepare for a hearing. A loss in time can significantly affect things like productivity and profits, for your business.


The aftermath of going through legal hearings can be damaging to your reputation.

Public people and media representatives are usually allowed to attend hearings. Allegations and findings can easily be leaked, damaging your business name.

Even if these turned out to be false, the harm that they cause can be difficult to recover from.

What happens after an employment tribunal?

In the end, the final amount to employment tribunal costs will depend on the verdict.

A basic award is a set amount of money that is based on a person’s age, service length, and salary.

A compensatory award is the amount of money or entitlements which the claimant lost. For example, after missed wages or paid leave.

Some penalties can involve paying basic and compensatory awards together.

How to reduce tribunal claims in the workplace

Employees have a legal right to appeal against a workplace decision. They might feel they’ve been treated unfairly, and it’s affecting their legal rights and means to work.

So, as an employer, you must do your best to provide a fair and healthy workspace. That way, you can reduce the chances of disputes being raised to tribunal hearings.

Here are steps to reduce tribunal claims in the workplace:

Have clear policies and procedures

Your policies and procedures must clearly demonstrate acceptable workplace behaviour and conduct.

Make these documents available to all staff members. These include information on employment laws and regulations which everyone must follow.

And your disciplinary and grievance procedures must align with the ACAS Code of Practice.

Provide mediation

In some cases, you can try to resolve issues before they reach a hearing. If it’s suitable, you can reach an agreement through informal methods, like mediation.

Here, both parties can express their concerns outside of formal court settings. You both can avoid expensive legal fees and the stress which comes with legal disputes.

Collect data for compliance

Whether you work for a large organisation or not, you should always oversee your staff’s entitlements.

You can collect this through HR software which tracks absences, payment, and other management aspects.

This type of data can be crucial during hearings, as it can demonstrate your compliance as an employer.

Get expert advice on employment tribunal costs with Peninsula

If you face a workplace dispute, you should do your best to resolve it internally. Explain your reasons and demonstrate how you both can benefit from avoiding legal courts.

But if you have to attend a hearing, be sure to go prepared. Without legal representation, the consequences can be difficult to recover from.

Peninsula offers expert advice on employment tribunal costs and hearings. We provide employment tribunal support from start to end–helping you protect your business.

We also have a 24/7 HR advice service which is available 365 days a year; with multi-lingual support and fully trained counsellors ready to help.

Want to find out more? Contact us on 0800 028 2420 and book a free consultation with an HR consultant today.

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